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Country of Origin Report: Sexual and Gender Minorities UGANDA

This tool was designed by ORAM - Organization for Refuge, Asylum and Migration to help adjudicators and protection experts better assess and adjudicate LGBTI asylum and refugee claims from Uganda.

http://www.oraminternational.org/images/stories/PDFs/Countryoforigin.report.pdf 

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN REPORT: SEXUAL AND GENDER MINORITIES - UGANDA

Table of Contents

Abbreviations ............................ 5

Terms Relating to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.... 7

I. General Information ............ 9

A. Uganda: An Overview ............... 9

1. Population...... 9

2. Languages .....10

3. Religions.......10

4. Ethnicities .....10

5. Governance....11

6. Major Conflicts 12

B. Neighboring Country Information ..............................13

1. Kenya ..........14

2. South Sudan ...15

3. Democratic Republic of Congo ..............16

4. Rwanda ........17

5. Tanzania .......18

C. Migration Flows.....................19

1. Emigration ....19

2. Forced Migration ............................20

II. Legal Environment for SGN Individuals ...................22

A. Criminalization of Same-Sex Acts 22

1. The Penal Code Act of 1950 .................22

2. The Anti-Homosexuality Bill and the Anti-Homosexuality Act..........25

B. Prohibition on Same-Sex Marriage .............................31

C. Exemption from Protection by the Equal Opportunities Commission ...................31

D. Identity-Specific Information.....32

1. Women ........32

2. Men ............33

3. Bisexuality.....34

4. Gender Nonconformity ......................34

5. Intersex ........35

III. Social Conditions for SGN Individuals .....................36

A. Societal Attitudes ...................36

B. Community Life .....................37Copyright © 2014 ORAM – Organization for Refuge, Asylum & Migration 4

C. Treatment by State Actors ........38

1. Public Condemnation by State Officials ....38

2. Police Discrimination and Lack of Protection ............................38

3. Freedom of Association and Expression ...39

D. Treatment by Non-State Actors...41

1. Media ..........41

2. Religion ........43

3. Medical Treatment...........................45

4. Schools.........47

5. Housing ........47

6. Employment...48

IV. SGN Ugandans’ Asylum Claims..............................50

A. United States ........................50

1. Cases Granting Relief ........................50

2. Cases Denying Relief.........................51

B. United Kingdom.....................54

1. Cases Granting Relief ........................54

2. Cases Denying Relief.........................55

C. Australia .............................58

1. Cases Granting Relief ........................59

D. Canada.61

1. Cases Granting Relief ........................61

2. Cases Denying Relief.........................63

E. European Union.....................65

1. Cases Granting Relief ........................65

F. France .66

1. Cases Granting Relief ........................66

Appendix: LGBTI and Human Rights Organizations in Uganda .............................67

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