Canada accepts people as refugees if they have a well-founded fear of persecution on certain grounds. These grounds are race, religion, nationality, political opinion and being member of a particular social group. Recognized social groups include Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered (LGBT) and HIV+ people. Political opinion can also include the work of LGBT activists and HIV activists. It is possible to claim well-founded fear of persecution on multiple grounds. There have been successful claims made in Canada by LGBT and HIV+ people who are afraid to return to their country because of fear of persecution.
There are 2 ways to claim refugee status.
- In Canada or at a port of entry
- Outside Canada, at a Canadian embassy, consulate, or High Commission that is outside your own country
This page describes ways to make refugee claims:
- Making Refugee Claims in Canada
- Making Refugee Claims Outside of Canada
- Source Country Class
- Country of Asylum Class
For more information and other ways to immigrate to Canada, please see: